The Rottweiler is a recognizable and noble dog that was originally bred to herd and protect cattle but did you know that there are also a wide range of the types of Rottweilers available?
With such a long and loyal history of working for people they have become a very popular breed in many parts of the world. If you are looking to add this wonderful family friendly breed to your home you might want to know a bit more about then before deciding.
Various Rottweiler Coat Colors Are Available but Use Caution
According to the AKC and FCI/German standards, the only acceptable coat color for the Rottweiler is black with rich tan markings above each eye, cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest, legs, and under the base of the tail.
There are however other coat colors that have been seen. These colors include red Rottweiler puppies, blue Rottweiler puppies, white or albino, and all black. These coat colors are a genetic mutation in a puppy but can be seen in pictures of Rottweiler puppies. Generally, different coat colors are the result of a recessive gene in one or both parents.
Some people consider these genetic mutations “rare” and try to breed specifically for those colors. The problem is that a coat color genetic mutation also increases the risk of other possible genetic mutations and deformities.
For instance, in albino or white Rottweiler puppies, it is very common for them to have specific eye problems that would require surgery, lifetime management, or even blindness.
Just be aware that although red, blue, white or albino Rottweilers and all black Rottweiler puppies colors are possible, it is best to avoid them because of the higher chance of genetic health problems.
They would still make great pets and there is no question as to whether they are still Rottweilers with the same temperament and loyalty. But, it is best that you remember that the colors are undesirable for a good reason, so be sure you spay or neuter your uniquely colored Rottweiler to prevent a host of health issues from passing on to other Rottweilers.
What about the Miniature Rottweiler?
Another interesting product of the “designer dog” craze, that has swept the US and Australia for the last two decades is the emergence of what some people are calling Miniature or Mini Rottweiler puppies.
However, a true miniature Rottweiler does not actually exist.
To create a truly mini version of a breed, it takes years and generations of specific breeding to obtain smaller dogs. But with the widespread acceptance of designer dogs and cross breeding, people have taken Rottweilers and other similar breeds of smaller stature to create a smaller dog that looks like a Rottweiler.
Currently there are people who have crossed smaller female Rottweilers with Pugs, Bulldogs, and other brachycephalic, or “squished nose” breeds. This has produced a dog that looks more like a Pug with Rottweiler markings and a medium sized body.
As wonderful as a miniature version of such a great breed would be, the reality is that the crossings have only produced a mixed breed dog.
Sadly, the use of so many brachycephalic breeds has caused many health issues including respiratory problems, eye conditions, and even dental concerns. Because the Rottweiler is not a brachycephalic breed, these health problems have not improved the breed at all, but have actually made it worse.
Therefore, it’s usually best to avoid anyone who is claiming to have a pure bred mini or miniature Rottweiler for sale.
The Ancient Roman Rottweiler
Another type of Rottweiler that you might see is the Roman Rottweiler which is actually a remnant of the original blueprint for the Rottweiler breed.
As mentioned before, the Rottweiler was bred to herd and protect cattle. The breed’s history dates back to the Roman times when the legions travelled with their cattle. They needed strong herding and protection dogs and so created a breed that would be the beginnings of the Rottweiler today.
Legions moved through what is now present day Germany and stopped off in Rottweil, Germany. Here, an important cattle farming area, the breed was used by the locals and perfected over the next few decades resulting in German Rottweiler puppies. Meanwhile, the Roman Rottweilers survived throughout Europe and are still available today.
The Roman Rottweiler is slightly taller and more athletic with a much larger and wider head. The coat color and body requirements are still the same or similar to the Rottweiler we know today. It may be difficult to find a reputable Roman Rottweiler breeder, but they are out there.
The Rottweiler of Today – American and German Rottweilers
The only other types of Rottweilers are the German and American Rottweiler. There are standards for both through the American Kennel Club and the FCI/ADRK or Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub. These standards are very similar with only slight variations in the head type, tail, weight and overall size.
The American Rottweiler is generally considered a dog bred for looks and not for working. Most of the Rottweilers accepted by the AKC are pure bred dogs, but they do not necessarily represent the breed’s temperament or body type in the best light.
Because of this, the breed has been given a bad rap in the US as being a dangerous and aggressive breed. Sadly, this is not true of the breed as they were bred to be gentle, loyal, and protective of their people and other animals.
German Rottweilers are a bit larger, have bigger and stronger bones than the American Rottweiler, and are slightly taller and have athletic well defined muscles. The German Rottweilers also exhibit exceptionally consistent temperaments and personalities.
In Germany, the breeding and use of working dogs is taken very seriously, and the standards and breed suitability tests reflects the dedication they have for their working breeds.
There is so much to know when deciding on the right breed for you and your family. Be sure to find a reputable breeder either through the American Kennel Club, the ADRK, local dog trainers, and a local Schutzhund club.
Just remember that no matter what you decide, as long as you provide an active and structured home for your dog, you will have a great family pet to enjoy for years to come no matter which types of Rottweilers you are considering.